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Infection Control: Reducing transmission

Updated: Nov 2, 2022

Transmission refers to the way germs are moved to a susceptible person. Germs can spread through the air or person to person contact, as well as live on surfaces and in contaminated water. It is important to understand the ways in which we can reduce the amount of transmission, which ultimately helps to slow the spread of many types of viruses and bacteria.

The COVID-19 virus is spread mainly from person-to-person. Primarily between people who are in close contact with one another. When a person coughs or sneezes, respiratory droplets produced when an infected person, posing a risk for those around. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. This shows the importance of maintaining proper social distancing. Some studies have shown that COVID-19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.

There are many measures we can take to ensure the safety of others while also protecting yourself. Make sure to wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. This is critical as bacteria can live on frequently touched surfaces for extended periods of time. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth, or any part of the face. Continue to monitor your health daily. Identify possible symptoms of the virus (Fever or chills, Cough, Shortness of breath, Fatigue, New loss of taste, or smell). Look for emergency warning signs for COVID-19. If you are showing any of these signs, seek emergency medical care immediately. If care is not readily available, take precautions by staying isolated from others, and continuing to use personal protective measures.

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